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    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Immigration Records
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. Immigration Records are some of the richest genealogy record sets and can provide excellent clues as well as data about your ancestors. Specifically, when they came to America, or traveled but did not immigrate. Emigration records can tell you when they left their homeland and can direct you when they might have immigrated, if you are having trouble finding the immigration record. Here's an article that will list the information available: 45 Reasons to Research Immigration Records https://www.theancestorhunt.com/blog/45-reasons-to-research-immigration-records Regarding immigration - it bears repeating - not EVERYONE came through Ellis island. It was open between 1892 and 1954. Approximately 12 million people came through that immigration station. The highest year was 1907, when just over 1,000,000 people came through. For immigrants landing at U.S, ports in the 19th century and early 20th century, the busiest ports were New York, Baltimore, Boston, New Orleans, and Philadelphia. There were almost 100 ports that were used by immigrants to enter the U.S., via the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, Gulf of Mexico, and the Great Lakes. Below are state by state links to a page that lists links to immigration and travel collections that are available for free to search and browse. It is also helpful to review emigration records as well. It sometimes occurs that an immigration record is not available online for a variety of reasons, but you might find some useful information from emigration records where one of you're ancestors embarked on their journey to America. Here are a few free online sites that have online emigration records available. Denmark - The Digital Danish Emigration Archives http://www.udvandrerarkivet.dk/det-digitale-danske-udvandrerarkiv/ Finland - Emigrant Register Internet Databases http://maine.utu.fi/emreg/index_e.php (free and pay options) Norway - Digital Archives - Emigrant Records https://www.digitalarkivet.no/en/search/sources Germany - Oldenburg Emigrants Database http://www.auswanderer-oldenburg.de/index.php Ireland - Irish Famine Emigrants 1846-1851 database http://aad.archives.gov/aad/fielded-search.jsp?dt=180&cat=GP44&tf=F&bc=sl Russia - Russians to America Passenger Data File, 1834 - 1897 https://aad.archives.gov/aad/series-list.jsp?cat=GP44 Germany - Germans to America Passenger Data File, 1850 - 1897 https://aad.archives.gov/aad/series-list.jsp?cat=GP44 Italy - Italians to America Passenger Data File, 1855 - 1900 https://aad.archives.gov/aad/series-list.jsp?cat=GP44 Germany - Hamburg Passenger List https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/43289?availability=Family%20History%20Library Below, listed by state, are links to Free Online Immigration and Travel Collections. * Free Alabama Online Immigration and Travel Records https://www.theancestorhunt.com/blog/free-online-immigration-and-travel-records-for-the-southern-states * Free Alaska Online Immigration and Travel Records https://www.theancestorhunt.com/blog/free-online-immigration-and-travel-records-for-the-western-states * Free Arizona Online Immigration and Travel Records https://www.theancestorhunt.com/blog/free-online-immigration-and-travel-records-for-the-western-states * Free Arkansas Online Immigration and Travel Records https://www.theancestorhunt.com/blog/free-online-immigration-and-travel-records-for-the-southern-states * Free California Online Immigration and Travel Records https://www.theancestorhunt.com/blog/free-online-immigration-and-travel-records-for-the-western-states * Free Colorado Online Immigration and Travel Records https://www.theancestorhunt.com/blog/free-online-immigration-and-travel-records-for-the-western-states For the rest of the article: https://tinyurl.com/qwpjjz3 ================================================================= Sally Pavia Genealogy Bits and Pieces Mailing List sallyinaz@cox.net mailto:sallyinaz@cox.net

    02/07/2020 12:32:04
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] TODAY IN HISTORY -- Jan 26, 1788, Saturday – British Settlement Begins in Australia AND Jan 27, 1945, Saturday --Auschwitz is Liberated
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. Jan 27, 1945, Saturday -- Auschwitz is Liberated On January 27, 1945, Soviet troops enter Auschwitz <https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/auschwitz>, Poland, freeing the survivors of the network of concentration camps—and finally revealing to the world the depth of the horrors <https://www.history.com/news/holocaust-concentration-camps-photos> perpetrated there. Auschwitz was really a group of camps, designated I, II, and III. There were also 40 smaller “satellite” camps. It was at Auschwitz II, at Birkenau, established in October 1941, that the SS created a complex, monstrously orchestrated killing ground: 300 prison barracks; four “bathhouses” in which prisoners were gassed; corpse cellars; and cremating ovens. Thousands of prisoners were also used for medical experiments overseen and performed by the camp doctor, Josef Mengele <https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/auschwitz-gets-a-new-doctor-the-angel-of-death>, the “Angel of Death.” The Red Army had been advancing deeper into Poland <https://www.history.com/news/8-things-you-should-know-about-wwiis-eastern-front> since mid-January. Having liberated Warsaw and Krakow, Soviet troops headed for Auschwitz. In anticipation of the Soviet arrival, the German Gestapo began a murder spree in the camps, shooting sick prisoners and blowing up crematoria in a desperate attempt to destroy the evidence of their crimes <https://www.history.com/news/how-the-nazis-tried-to-cover-up-their-crimes-at-auschwitz>. When the Red Army finally broke through, Soviet soldiers encountered 648 corpses and more than 7,000 starving camp survivors. There were also six storehouses filled with hundreds of thousands of women’s dresses, men's suits and shoes that the Germans did not have time to burn. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/soviets-liberate-auschwitz Jan 26, 1788, Saturday – British Settlement Begins in Australia On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia. After overcoming a period of hardship, the fledgling colony began to celebrate the anniversary of this date with great fanfare and it eventually became commemorated as Australia Day. Australia, once known as New South Wales, was originally planned as a penal colony. In October 1786, the British government appointed Arthur Phillip captain of the HMS Sirius, and commissioned him to establish an agricultural work camp there for British convicts. With little idea of what he could expect from the mysterious and distant land, Phillip had great difficulty assembling the fleet that was to make the journey. His requests for more experienced farmers to assist the penal colony were repeatedly denied, and he was both poorly funded and outfitted. Nonetheless, accompanied by a small contingent of Marines and other officers, Phillip led his 1,000-strong party, of whom more than 700 were convicts, around Africa to the eastern side of Australia. In all, the voyage lasted eight months, claiming the deaths of some 30 men. The first years of settlement were nearly disastrous. Cursed with poor soil, an unfamiliar climate and workers who were ignorant of farming, Phillip had great difficulty keeping the men alive. The colony was on the verge of outright starvation for several years, and the marines sent to keep order were not up to the task. Phillip, who proved to be a tough but fair-minded leader, persevered by appointing convicts to positions of responsibility and oversight. Floggings and hangings were commonplace, but so was egalitarianism. As Phillip said before leaving England: “In a new country there will be no slavery and hence no slaves.” Though Phillip returned to England in 1792, the colony became prosperous by the turn of the 19th century. Feeling a new sense of patriotism, the men began to rally around January 26 as their founding day. Historian Manning Clarke noted that in 1808 the men observed the “anniversary of the foundation of the colony” with “drinking and merriment.” In 1818, January 26 became an official holiday, marking the 30th anniversary of British settlement in Australia. As Australia became a sovereign nation, it became the national holiday known as Australia Day. In recent times, Australia Day has become increasingly controversial as it marks the start of when the continent's indigenous people were gradually dispossessed of their land as white colonization spread across the continent.

    01/27/2020 02:17:08
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Five oldest cities in the United States
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. Finally, back from a great six weeks+ vacation in California visiting my boys/families. Going to start off with a TEST to see how many people can tell the rest of us what they think are the five oldest cities in the United States. Will start you off with: No. 1 is St Augustine, FL - founded Sep 1565 Will send the answers later today. Sally Pavia sallyinaz@cox.net

    01/20/2020 08:39:24
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] 1914 Christmas Truce AND Germany, War Graves Index, 1902-1961
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. Sainsbury’s Christmas advert, 1914. Made in partnership with The Royal British Legion. Inspired by real events from 105 years ago. The 2014 Sainsbury's Christmas Truce Advertisement: Cinematic Memorial in Action Professor Mark Connelly from the University of Kent approached the topic of mediated memory within public consciousness with the talk he gave December of 2015 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TuH4fQ8Lqkw&t=519s . He talked about the Sainsbury’s 2014 Christmas advertisement, which tells the iconic story of the 1914 Christmas Truce https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/christmas-truce-of-1914 . In the video, a soldier receives a chocolate bar from his love-interest back home. The emotional gift spurs him to venture out of the trench and into No Man’s Land where he and a German soldier shake hands. The rest of the soldiers clamor out of the trenches and play a game of soccer before the rumbling sounds of gunshots sends them retreating back to their sides. This, for me, was quite emotional: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NWF2JBb1bvM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NWF2JBb1bvM ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Germany, War Graves Index, 1902-1961 FREE from My Heritage 4,234,266 new records This is an index containing information on German soldiers and civilians who died in wars or military operations between 1902 and 1961. Many of the records are for soldiers killed during World War I or World War II. While the amount of information in each record varies, the vast majority of records contain the following searchable data: first and last name, date of birth, date of death, and place of death. Some records also include birthplace, burial place, and military rank. https://tinyurl.com/rs9xum2 Sally Pavia sallyinaz12@gmail.com mailto:sallyinaz12@gmail.com

    12/23/2019 01:17:58
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Re: Merry Christmas
    2. Jane Linkswiler
    3. What a lovely card. Thank you, Sally, and Merry Christmas to you and yours, Jane L. -----Original Message----- From: Sally Pavia <sallyinaz12@gmail.com> Sent: Sunday, December 22, 2019 4:52 PM To: Genealogy Bits and Pieces Mailing List <genealogybitsandpieces-l@rootsweb.com> Subject: [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Merry Christmas I hope everyone has a wonderful Christmas with family and friends. Here is a Christmas card for all my Genealogy Bits and Pieces Mailing List. If you can't open, please let me know. https://tinyurl.com/u42msam Sally sallyinaz12@gmail.com Genealogy Bits and Pieces Mailing List _______________________________________________ Email preferences: http://bit.ly/rootswebpref Unsubscribe https://lists.rootsweb.com/postorius/lists/genealogybitsandpieces@rootsweb.c om Privacy Statement: https://ancstry.me/2JWBOdY Terms and Conditions: https://ancstry.me/2HDBym9 Rootsweb Blog: http://rootsweb.blog RootsWeb is funded and supported by Ancestry.com and our loyal RootsWeb community

    12/22/2019 05:39:29
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Merry Christmas
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. I hope everyone has a wonderful Christmas with family and friends. Here is a Christmas card for all my Genealogy Bits and Pieces Mailing List. If you can't open, please let me know. https://tinyurl.com/u42msam Sally sallyinaz12@gmail.com Genealogy Bits and Pieces Mailing List

    12/22/2019 04:51:34
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] KOREAN WAR and OREGON TRAIL HISTORICAL MAP and FREE OHIO DATABASES
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. *KOREAN WAR* The Korean War officially began on June 25, 1950, when troops from North Korea invaded South Korea. After the invasion, the United Nations Security Council voted to send UN troops to South Korea’s aid and the US provided almost 90% of the soldiers. Both sides had victories and defeats, and the South Korean capital, Seoul, changed hands several times during the war. On July 27, 1953, both sides signed the Korean Armistice Agreement. This agreement maintained the demilitarized zone at the 38th parallel and cooled tensions between the Koreas. No official peace treaty was ever signed, and the Korean peninsula remains divided. https://www.fold3.com/collection/korean-war *OREGON TRAIL HISTORICAL MAP*from Nancy Hendrickson I've driven along the Oregon Trail more times than I can remember. One of my dream trips would be to walk the portion of the trail that runs from Chimney Rock to Fort Laramie - but alas, I'm not sure my legs, knees, etc. would keep up with my dream! I've written a bit about an Oregon Trail diary <https://el2.convertkit-mail.com/c/8kuk87m4rncohool2xik/rnt8hoh767874k/aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNlc3Rvcm5ld3MuY29tL21hcmdhcmV0LWZyaW5rLWpvdXJuZXktY2FsaWZvcm5pYS8=> , https://ancestornews.com/margaret-frink-journey-california/ but also want to share an Oregon Trail Map <https://el2.convertkit-mail.com/c/8kuk87m4rncohool2xik/84cqhoh3r343zz/aHR0cDovL2xlZ2FjeS5saWIudXRleGFzLmVkdS9tYXBzL2hpc3RvcmljYWwvb3JlZ29udHJhaWxfMTkwNy5qcGc=> , http://legacy.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/oregontrail_1907.jp <http://legacy.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/oregontrail_1907.jp%20> Enjoy! *FREE **OHIO** DATABASES* This link will take you to the free Ohio databases, https://www.ogs.org/research/index.php, including information on Ohio First Families, Civil War, Mayflower Index, and Ohio Settlers. Sally Rolls Pavia sallyinaz12@gmail.com <sallyinaz@cox.net> List Owner: genealogybitsandpieces@rootsweb.com "Soldiers do not die until they are forgotten."

    12/12/2019 09:51:06
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Genealogy Bits and Pieces Mailing List ~~ Korean War AND Oregon Trail Historical Map AND Free Ohio Databases
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. *KOREAN WAR* The Korean War officially began on June 25, 1950, when troops from North Korea invaded South Korea. After the invasion, the United Nations Security Council voted to send UN troops to South Korea’s aid and the US provided almost 90% of the soldiers. Both sides had victories and defeats, and the South Korean capital, Seoul, changed hands several times during the war. On July 27, 1953, both sides signed the Korean Armistice Agreement. This agreement maintained the demilitarized zone at the 38th parallel and cooled tensions between the Koreas. No official peace treaty was ever signed, and the Korean peninsula remains divided. https://www.fold3.com/collection/korean-war *OREGON TRAIL HISTORICAL MAP *from Nancy Hendrickson I've driven along the Oregon Trail more times than I can remember. One of my dream trips would be to walk the portion of the trail that runs from Chimney Rock to Fort Laramie - but alas, I'm not sure my legs, knees, etc. would keep up with my dream! I've written a bit about an Oregon Trail diary <https://el2.convertkit-mail.com/c/8kuk87m4rncohool2xik/rnt8hoh767874k/aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNlc3Rvcm5ld3MuY29tL21hcmdhcmV0LWZyaW5rLWpvdXJuZXktY2FsaWZvcm5pYS8=> , https://ancestornews.com/margaret-frink-journey-california/ but also want to share an Oregon Trail Map <https://el2.convertkit-mail.com/c/8kuk87m4rncohool2xik/84cqhoh3r343zz/aHR0cDovL2xlZ2FjeS5saWIudXRleGFzLmVkdS9tYXBzL2hpc3RvcmljYWwvb3JlZ29udHJhaWxfMTkwNy5qcGc=>, http://legacy.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/oregontrail_1907.jp <http://legacy.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/oregontrail_1907.jp%20> Enjoy! *FREE **OHIO** DATABASES* This link will take you to the free Ohio databases, https://www.ogs.org/research/index.php, including information on Ohio First Families, Civil War, Mayflower Index, and Ohio Settlers. Sally Rolls Pavia sallyinaz12@gmail.com <sallyinaz@cox.net> List Owner: genealogybitsandpieces@rootsweb.com "Soldiers do not die until they are forgotten."

    12/09/2019 05:12:38
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Genealogy Bits and Pieces Mailing List
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. December 07, 1941 -- Pearl Harbor bombed At 7:55 a.m. Hawaii time, a Japanese dive bomber bearing the red symbol of the Rising Sun of Japan on its wings appears out of the clouds above the island of Oahu. A swarm of 360 Japanese warplanes followed, descending on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in a ferocious assault. The surprise attack struck a critical blow against the U.S. Pacific fleet and United States irrevocably into World War II. With diplomatic negotiations with Japan breaking down, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisers knew that an imminent Japanese attack was probable, but nothing had been done to increase security at the important naval base at Pearl Harbor. It was Sunday morning, and many military personnel had been given passes to attend religious services off base. At 7:02 a.m., two radar operators spotted large groups of aircraft in flight toward the island from the north, but, with a flight of B-17s expected from the United States at the time, they were told to sound no alarm. Thus, the Japanese air assault came as a devastating surprise to the naval base. Why Did Japan Attack Pearl Harbor? Much of the Pacific fleet was rendered useless: Five of eight battleships, three destroyers, seven other ships were sunk or severely damaged, and more than 200 aircraft were destroyed. A total of 2,400 Americans were killed and 1,200 were wounded, many while valiantly attempting to repulse the attack. Japan’s losses were some 30 planes, five midget submarines, and fewer than 100 men. Fortunately for the United States, all three Pacific fleet carriers were out at sea on training maneuvers. These giant aircraft carriers would have their revenge against Japan six months later at the Battle of Midway, reversing the tide against the previously invincible Japanese navy in a spectacular victory. The day after Pearl Harbor was bombed, President Roosevelt appeared before a joint session of Congress and declared, “Yesterday, December 7, 1941 – a date which will live in infamy–the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.” After a brief and forceful speech, he asked Congress to approve a resolution recognizing the state of war between the United States and Japan. The Senate voted for war against Japan by 82 to 0, and the House of Representatives approved the resolution by a vote of 388 to 1. The sole dissenter was Rep. Jeannette Rankin of Montana, a devout pacifist who had also cast a dissenting vote against the U.S. entrance into World War I. Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war against the United States, and the U.S. government responded in kind. The American contribution to the successful Allied war effort spanned four long years and cost more than 400,000 American lives. Sally Rolls Pavia mailto:sallyinaz@cox.net sallyinaz@cox.net

    12/07/2019 11:58:29
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Genealogy Bits and Pieces Mailing List -- Happy Veteran's Day
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. Click on the following URL: https://www.bluemountain.com/findit <https://www.bluemountain.com/findit?source=bma999&enc=eJyLVqqOUUrNTczMiVGyUohRKk7MyanMzEusMjRySAcJ6yXn58Yo1SrpKCjlZRnkmhcU%2BZlmp5kn%0AWfh5J5WaROUkGRVklfvaxuQpxQIAygcZJg%3D%3D%0A&utm_medium=internal_email&utm_source=pickup&utm_campaign=receiver> And then enter number: 038224b0 <https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_996073468249920575_>

    11/08/2019 07:27:03
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Re: Happy Halloween
    2. Kathy's Email
    3. Good one! Kathy L > On Oct 31, 2019, at 7:48 PM, Sally Pavia <sallyinaz12@gmail.com> wrote: > > To all my special friends. > > Just type: https://www.bluemountain.com/findit into your browser and enter > the code: *815eb509* > <https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_-7790680718817169123_> along with your > email address. > > Hope you enjoy the card. > > Sally > > _______________________________________________ > Email preferences: http://bit.ly/rootswebpref > Unsubscribe https://lists.rootsweb.com/postorius/lists/genealogybitsandpieces@rootsweb.com > Privacy Statement: https://ancstry.me/2JWBOdY Terms and Conditions: https://ancstry.me/2HDBym9 > Rootsweb Blog: http://rootsweb.blog > RootsWeb is funded and supported by Ancestry.com and our loyal RootsWeb community

    11/01/2019 09:57:27
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Happy Halloween
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. To all my special friends. Just type: https://www.bluemountain.com/findit into your browser and enter the code: *815eb509* <https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_-7790680718817169123_> along with your email address. Hope you enjoy the card. Sally

    10/31/2019 08:36:07
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Did You Know?
    2. SALLY PAVIA
    3. DID YOU KNOW? Sorry if some of these are repeats. Found a list but wasn’t sure if they’d been sent. They were interesting, so decided to send them. Sally =========================== New Marion County Police Collection at Indy Public Library Info Posted: 14 Oct 2019 More than 10,000 newly digitized materials from the Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department and Indianapolis Fire Department featuring log books, dispatch recordings, personnel records, newsletters and photos dating to the 1870s can be found online in The Indianapolis Public Library’s Digital Indy collection, http://www.digitalindy.org/cdm/ifd(Firefighters) andhttp://www.digitalindy.org/cdm/impd(Police Dept). Made possible by a $1.8 million grant from the Lilly Endowment Inc through gifts to The Indianapolis Public Library Foundation, the collection’s availability to the public is the culmination of a two-year effort to identify, acquire and digitize materials that encompassed approximately 4,660 staff hours and over 80,000 scans. The collection adds to the nearly 4,700 items from the Indianapolis Firefighters Museums that became part of Digital Indy in 2010. ================================= IRISH GRAVESTONE SYMBOLS Are there Irish gravestone symbols at your ancestor’s final resting place? As you learn what the symbols are and the meanings behind them you’ll come to understand your heritage better. Even if there isn’t a drop of Irish blood in your veins, your walks through the cemetery will be far more interesting if you understand Irish symbols. For the rest of this article can be found at: https://blog.billiongraves.com/2019/03/12/irish-gravestone-symbols/ ================================= Family History Daily Can’t Find Great-Great-Grandma? Pro Tips for Researching the Women in Your Tree By Patricia Hartley Women were just as important to a household and community hundreds of years ago as they are today but, thanks to laws and social ideas that limited women’s roles and rights, their contributions and names are often lost to history. This makes identifying and tracking our female ancestors particularly challenging. For the rest of this article can be found at: https://familyhistorydaily.com/genealogy-help-and-how-to/researching-female-ancestors/ ================================= Family History Daily Finding Incorrect Records on Ancestry.com? Here’s How to Fix Them by Donna Streetenberger Have you ever come across information on Ancestry.com, or another genealogy site, that was clearly incorrect – either because the record itself contained errors or because the information was transcribed incorrectly? Did you take the time to correct it? When conducting research, avid family historians regularly encounter errors. This often occurs in the spelling of a first or last name on records like the census, where the enumerator was not careful to verify spelling. Or it may happen during transcription from documents with sloppy or excessively cursive handwriting. https://familyhistorydaily.com/genealogy-help-and-how-to/historical-cursive-handwriting-genealogy/ Erroneous information on genealogical records, or in their indexes, has an impact on us all. Not only does it limit the chance that the record will be easily discoverable by those looking for it – but it increases the chance that incorrect information will be copied and spread by others. And that is always bad for the genealogical community https://familyhistorydaily.com/genealogy-help-and-how-to/are-you-sure-theyre-your-ancestors/ . That’s why it is so important we all take a moment to correct misinformation when we find it. For the rest of this article can be found at: https://familyhistorydaily.com/genealogy-help-and-how-to/fix-incorrect-records-on-ancestry/

    10/27/2019 12:15:11
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Re: Genealogy Bits & Pieces Mailing List ~~ Did You Know? Military Information
    2. Jane Linkswiler
    3. What a very interesting list of facts. One of my husband's cousins was a nurse who served in Korea. -----Original Message----- From: Sally Pavia <sallyinaz12@gmail.com> Sent: Saturday, October 12, 2019 11:54 PM To: Genealogy Bits and Pieces Mailing List <genealogybitsandpieces-l@rootsweb.com> Subject: [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Genealogy Bits & Pieces Mailing List ~~ Did You Know? Military Information DID YOU KNOW? Some interesting Facts 14 June 1775 ~~ US Army established 13 October 1775 ~~ US Navy established. 10 November 1775 ~~ US Marine Corps established 4 August 1790 ~~ US Coast Guard established 23 February 1901 ~~ Army Nurses Corps established. 13 May 1908 ~~ Navy Nurse Corps established. 3 Mar 1931 ~~ Star Spangled Banner declared National Anthem. 6 April 1917 ~~ United Stated enters WWI 7 December 1941 ~~ 82 Army and 12 Navy nurses caught in the attack cared for casualties alongside medics, civilian nurses and doctors. Army nurses were stationed at Tripler Army Hospital, Schofield Hospital and Hickman Field. Navy nurses were assigned to the US Naval Hospital, Mobile Hospital No. 2 and on the hospital ship USS Solace. 15 May 1942 ~~ President Roosevelt signed the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps Bill. My aunt, Elinor Virgina [Stubbs] Haas, joined the WAAC in 1942 and served throughout the war. 30 July 1942 ~~ Women’s Reserve of the US Navy (WAVES) established. 8 November 1942 ~~ Army nurses and WAAC’s deploy to North Africa. 23 November 1942 ~~ Women’s Reserve US Coast Guard (SPARs) established 13 February 1943 ~~ Marine Corps Women’s Reserve established. The actress Bea Arthur, who was in “Golden Girls,” served in the Marines during WWII 1 July 1943 ~~ Women’s Army Corps was created for the duration of the war plus six months. By the wars end, approximately 150,000 had served. 5 Aug 1943 ~~ Women’s Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) established. WASPs ferried military aircraft, flight-tested planes, towed targets and transported cargo and personnel. They did not receive veteran status until 1977. 27 January 1944 ~~ Army nurses waded ashore at Anzio, five days following the invasion. March 1945 First Navy flight nurse, Ens Jane Kendeigh, USNR, reaches Iwo Jima. 20 October 1978 ~~ Women’s Army Corps (WAC) disestablished. POW/MIA's from all US Wars War of the Revolution: POW - 18,152 MIA - 1,426 War of 1812: POW - 20,000 MIA - 695 Mexican War: POW - 46 MIA - 238 Indian Wars (US): POW - 339 MIA - 11 Indian Wars (Native American): POW - 2,958 MIA - 40 Civil War - Union: POW/MIA - 194,743 . Civil War - Confederacy: POW/MIA - 214,865 . Spanish-American War: POW - 8 MIA - 72 World War I: POW/MIA - 7,470 . World War II: POW - 124,079 MIA - 30,314 Cold War Era: POW - Classified MIA - 343 Korean War: POW - 7,140 MIA - 8,025 Vietnam War: POW - 766 MIA - 1,719 U.S.S. Pueblo: POW - 83 http://www.usspueblo.org Grenada: . MIA - 4 U.S.S. Stark: . MIA - 1 Persian Gulf War: POWs - 29 MIAs - 21 Somalia: POW - 6 MIA - 2 Yugoslavia: POWs - 3 _______________________________________________ Email preferences: http://bit.ly/rootswebpref Unsubscribe https://lists.rootsweb.com/postorius/lists/genealogybitsandpieces@rootsweb.com Privacy Statement: https://ancstry.me/2JWBOdY Terms and Conditions: https://ancstry.me/2HDBym9 Rootsweb Blog: http://rootsweb.blog RootsWeb is funded and supported by Ancestry.com and our loyal RootsWeb community

    10/13/2019 01:06:54
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Genealogy Bits & Pieces Mailing List ~~ Did You Know? Military Information
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. DID YOU KNOW? Some interesting Facts 14 June 1775 ~~ US Army established 13 October 1775 ~~ US Navy established. 10 November 1775 ~~ US Marine Corps established 4 August 1790 ~~ US Coast Guard established 23 February 1901 ~~ Army Nurses Corps established. 13 May 1908 ~~ Navy Nurse Corps established. 3 Mar 1931 ~~ Star Spangled Banner declared National Anthem. 6 April 1917 ~~ United Stated enters WWI 7 December 1941 ~~ 82 Army and 12 Navy nurses caught in the attack cared for casualties alongside medics, civilian nurses and doctors. Army nurses were stationed at Tripler Army Hospital, Schofield Hospital and Hickman Field. Navy nurses were assigned to the US Naval Hospital, Mobile Hospital No. 2 and on the hospital ship USS Solace. 15 May 1942 ~~ President Roosevelt signed the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps Bill. My aunt, Elinor Virgina [Stubbs] Haas, joined the WAAC in 1942 and served throughout the war. 30 July 1942 ~~ Women’s Reserve of the US Navy (WAVES) established. 8 November 1942 ~~ Army nurses and WAAC’s deploy to North Africa. 23 November 1942 ~~ Women’s Reserve US Coast Guard (SPARs) established 13 February 1943 ~~ Marine Corps Women’s Reserve established. The actress Bea Arthur, who was in “Golden Girls,” served in the Marines during WWII 1 July 1943 ~~ Women’s Army Corps was created for the duration of the war plus six months. By the wars end, approximately 150,000 had served. 5 Aug 1943 ~~ Women’s Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) established. WASPs ferried military aircraft, flight-tested planes, towed targets and transported cargo and personnel. They did not receive veteran status until 1977. 27 January 1944 ~~ Army nurses waded ashore at Anzio, five days following the invasion. March 1945 First Navy flight nurse, Ens Jane Kendeigh, USNR, reaches Iwo Jima. 20 October 1978 ~~ Women’s Army Corps (WAC) disestablished. POW/MIA's from all US Wars War of the Revolution: POW - 18,152 MIA - 1,426 War of 1812: POW - 20,000 MIA - 695 Mexican War: POW - 46 MIA - 238 Indian Wars (US): POW - 339 MIA - 11 Indian Wars (Native American): POW - 2,958 MIA - 40 Civil War - Union: POW/MIA - 194,743 . Civil War - Confederacy: POW/MIA - 214,865 . Spanish-American War: POW - 8 MIA - 72 World War I: POW/MIA - 7,470 . World War II: POW - 124,079 MIA - 30,314 Cold War Era: POW - Classified MIA - 343 Korean War: POW - 7,140 MIA - 8,025 Vietnam War: POW - 766 MIA - 1,719 U.S.S. Pueblo: POW - 83 http://www.usspueblo.org Grenada: . MIA - 4 U.S.S. Stark: . MIA - 1 Persian Gulf War: POWs - 29 MIAs - 21 Somalia: POW - 6 MIA - 2 Yugoslavia: POWs - 3

    10/13/2019 12:54:04
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Genealogy Bits and Pieces Mailing List
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. DID YOU KNOW? Eisenhower's Interstates: The Modern-Day Roman Roads History on the Net Thursday, September 26, 2019 Dwight Eisenhower inaugurated the US. Interstate System, which now boasts more than 50,000 miles of roads. The idea came to a young Eisenhower in 1919 when he spent 62 days with a military convoy snaking across America on its primitive road system. But the idea for a trans-continental road network go back much further than Eisenhower. George Washington talked of the need for a vast system of roads to stitch together the nation. But the true genesis of the U.S. Interstate system is the Roman Empire's road network. The empire in the first century constructed a network of 50,000 miles of paved roads, connecting its capital to the farthest-flung provinces. This fostered trade and commerce but most importantly allowed the Roman army to march quickly. The United States built its network for largely the same reasons. Listen to the Podcast at: https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#inbox/FMfcgxwDrHltQKXLgDklRjmXXWbvBzdG ========== How the Wright Brothers Caused a Female Fashion Trend by Maureen A. Taylor, from Family Tree Magazine In the early part of the 20th century, three members of the Wright family were among the most famous individuals in the country (if not the world). Orville and Wilbur’s patented flying machine demonstrations on both sides of the Atlantic brought thousands of people to fields to watch them fly. Their schoolteacher sister Katherine flew more than any woman of her generation. The three of them stand together in this 1910 photo from the Library of Congress. If you want to see the Wrights’ original patent drawings, they’re available online via the Mississippi State University website. David McCullough’s book, The Wright Brothers, presents the brothers as ordinary men with extraordinary focus, determination and passion. Many men of their generation tried to perfect manned flight, but Orville and Wilbur Wright were first to actually do it. Their exploits even influenced a fashion trend. When Mrs. Hart O. Berg accompanied Wilbur Wright on a flight in 1908, she tied her scarf around her dress at the ankles to keep it in place. It’s possible that the French fashion designer Paul Poiret saw Mrs. Berg and Katherine Wright tie down their skirts. He created a short-lived style known as the hobble skirt. It was difficult to walk in these narrow skirts. The postcard above calls it a “speed-limit skirt” because women could take only baby steps. If you see a photo of an ancestor wearing a skirt of this design, you’ll have a narrow time frame for an image of 1910 to 1913. Our ancestors had fashion icons that influenced everyday dress. Both Orville and Wilbur Wright dressed neatly for their flights. Wilbur always wore a high-necked collar with a tie, a jacket and a cap. While full-crowned caps were available before the Wrights took flight, they increased in popularity throughout the second decade of the century and beyond. The style of the brim and crown changed in later decades. Watch for these fashion trends in your family photos from the circa 1910 period. If your ancestor passed on stories of seeing the Wright brothers in flight, be sure to record that in your research! ========== Centuries-old Mystery 'filofax' Returned to New Forest Church https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-hampshire-49729511 18 September 2019 It was handed to the current vicar of Minstead by a woman who said she had bought it from a US hitchhiker and wanted it "back where it belongs". The 150 pages of notes on births, deaths and marriages appear to have been written by curates in the parish. The Reverend David Potterton described it as a "kind of filofax". He said the woman from Southampton had approached him with the book after Sunday's morning service. The woman, who wished to remain anonymous and left without leaving any details, said she and her husband had picked up an America hitchhiker sometime in the past year, and saw he was carrying an antiquarian book. Noticing the reference to Minstead on the cover, they offered to buy it off him. Following her husband's death, she was "determined" to return it to the church. She did not say how much she paid for it, or how the backpacker came to have the book. The book has the year 1532 on the vellum cover, but contains references to births, deaths and marriages in Minstead and Lyndhurst throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, along with other notes. Mr Potterton said the book was a "real treasure" and looked to have been used by successive curates - junior members of the clergy - in the parish. "I suspect this is a curate's tool - a kind of filofax - the notes that would have helped him in his daily ministry," he said. "The pages inside would have been replaced and certainly there is evidence of stitching and blank pages in the back. "It's enormously helpful and valuable and we're really grateful for it." The church is working with county's record office in Winchester on the best means of conserving the documents and putting them on public display. ========== Eye-Opening Photos of Hong Kong’s Packed “Vertical Graveyards” on Hillsides Based in London and Singapore, Finbarr Fallon is a RIBA-nominated photographer known for his architectural imagery. In his long-term photography project Dead Space, he uses his architectural sensibilities to create evocative imagery. In this set of twelve photographs, shot over the course of five years, Fallon immortalizes Hong Kong’s vertical graveyards. With space at a premium in the densely packed city, these cemeteries built into the surrounding mountains loom ominously over Hong Kong. Many of these terraced burial sites were built in the 1980s as a last-ditch effort to create more space in a city that is running out of places to bury the dead. Really interesting article and GREAT pictures. https://mymodernmet.com/finbarr-fallon-hong-kong-graveyards/ Sally Rolls Pavia sallyinaz12@gmail.com List Owner: sallyinaz@cox.net Archives: http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/index "Soldiers do not die until they are forgotten." "Do not regret growing older. It is a privilege denied to many.”

    10/03/2019 01:35:41
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] How AncestryHints(R) are Updated AND Unavailable Ancestry Hints(R)
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. *DID YOU KNOW? **12 Sep 2019* Sorry I haven’t been online recently. Not only did I get a new left shoulder, to go with the right one I had done two years ago, I was in California visiting my two sons for almost a month. Even got to send four days up in Mammoth. My son and daughter-in-law love to hike so we usually go to either Yosemite or Mammoth. Beautiful up there. Sally *How Ancestry Hints® are Updated* Ancestry*®* wants to help you accomplish your goals with meaningful Ancestry Hints®. When you save new information to a person in your tree, your hints are updated in the following ways: · *New hints are added.* Based on the information you’ve saved for a person in your tree, we may find new hints and add them to the hints you can discover. · *Irrelevant hints are removed.* Based on the information you’ve saved for a person in your tree, some old hints may no longer apply to that person. These hints will be removed. · *Your hints list may be re-sorted.* When we update your hints, we want to put the best hints we find at the top of your hints lists. You can find these lists on the Person Page, Hints tab, and the All Hints Page. (Hints are ranked based on how closely the information in a record matches the information in your tree.) *Information that affects hints* Any fact or relationship addition to or deletion from a person in your tree (such as places lived, name changes, events, adding parents, siblings, and so forth) will cause your hints to check for updates. The facts that are most likely to affect hints are facts that pertain to vital information and relationships: name, birthdate and birthplace, death date and death place, gender, and family members. Significantly changing someone’s vital information or relationships could make a hint drop off of your hints list. For example, a hint could drop off when you change a person’s name and/or relationships. If you change a name from “Mary Smith” to “Margaret French,” or if you change a birth or death date by more than a couple of years, you're likely to change the hints for that person. Unavailable Ancestry Hints® If Ancestry Hints® are unavailable, you’ll see a message saying so. Causes Ancestry Hints become unavailable when they're sourced from a database that was available on Ancestry*®* but then became unavailable or from another person’s public family tree and that person deletes the attached record or photo, deletes their entire tree, or makes their tree private after the hint is created. Private family trees are accessible to the tree owner and to anyone the owner invites to the tree, but they’re not accessible to anyone else. When a database is removed or someone deletes a record or photo, deletes their public tree, or makes their tree private, the tree’s contents are removed immediately from public viewing, but pending hints take longer to disappear. In the meantime, the hints remain, but their contents can no longer be accessed. When you try to view a pending hint that comes from a source that’s been deleted or made private, the hint will say, “This hint is no longer available.” Hints that fall into this category will eventually be deleted, but can cause confusion in the meantime. We are working to reduce the time it takes to remove these hints after the original source is deleted or made private. Removing unavailable hints There is not currently a way to manually remove these hints. If the owner of the tree from which a hint is sourced makes the tree public again after making it private, the hint will reappear. If the tree remains private or has been deleted, the hint will disappear the next time family trees are indexed on Ancestry.

    09/12/2019 11:56:37
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Re: GENEALOGY BITS AND PIECES MAILING LIST, dated 5 June 2019:
    2. Marilyn Olberding
    3. Good Luck, Sally! I will pray for you! Luv Marilyn O. Sent from my iPhone > On Jun 5, 2019, at 9:37 PM, Sally Pavia <sallyinaz12@gmail.com> wrote: > > Sorry I've been so remiss in getting the mailing list out lately. It will be > a little slower for the next month, at least. Going to have me shoulder > replaced and don't know how much typing I'll be able to do right at the > beginning. Go in tomorrow at 8am for the 'big event.' Already have a new > right shoulder, my back should certainly be new - so figure I'm really about > 27 years old, tops. Another couple of years, at this rate, I'll be 15 - at > least the parts. Sally > sallyinaz12@gmail.com > List Owner: genealogybitsandpieces@rootsweb.com > "Soldiers do not die until they are forgotten." > "Do not regret growing older. It is a privilege denied to many.” > > > DID YOU KNOW? > 5 Jun 2019 > > From Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter, by Dick Eastman > > Ireland’s historical Registers of Births, Marriages and Deaths are now > Available online and FREE > Details may be found in an article by Aoife Barry in theJournal.I.e. Web > Site at: > URL: https://tinyurl.com/y648gbza > > ==================================================================== > > From Access Genealogy > > Posted Paula Franklin: > Webb County Texas Cemeteries > URL: https://www.accessgenealogy.com/?p=367220 > > ==================================================================== > > Posted by Kristin: > Descendants of Rev. James Keith in Bridgewater, Massachusetts > > The Keith family is one of the oldest of southeastern Massachusetts. Its > Founder in America was Rev. James Keith, born in 1644, who came to America, > Landing in Boston in 1662. He became minister of the Bridgewater Church, > Where he administered to the spiritual needs of the people for half a > Century. He died July 23, 1719. He was twice married. His first wife was > Susannah Edson, daughter of Deacon Samuel Edson. > URL: https://www.accessgenealogy.com/?p=360582 > > ==================================================================== > > Posted by Dennis: > Chronicles of New Haven Green, from 1638 to 1862 > > This volume is made up, as the title indicates, of eight papers, now revised > And partly rewritten, to each of which are added notes supplying a page or > Two of comment or explanation. The papers treat respectively of the Green as > A public square, a political and civic forum, a religious and ecclesiastical > Arena, a parade ground, a seat of judicial tribunals, an educatioual campus, > A market-place, and a cemetery. In a style abounding in facetiae not > Unworthy of Dickens, the author reviews the succession of events which have > Transpired in connection with the Green, with their changing scenic > Accompaniments of stocks, whipping-post, jail, tombstones, school-house, > Meeting-house, state-house; setting in prominent relief the more humorous or > Otherwise impressive incidents, and neglecting no occasion for satirical > Thrusts at contemporary folly, keenly relished by the reader, without doubt, > But certain — as in all such cases — to be contemptuously slighted by those > Who alone might profit by them. His comparison of the "Blue laws" of > Connecticut with those of the other colonies evidently affords as much > Satisfaction to himself as instruction to the most of his readers, > Justifying his declaration that the New Haven Colony can very complacently > Allow its laws to be called "blue in contrast with the black and crimson > Legislation of its contemporaries." > URL: https://www.accessgenealogy.com/?p=367116 > > Sally Rolls Pavia > 602 550-1807 > > _______________________________________________ > Email preferences: http://bit.ly/rootswebpref > Unsubscribe https://lists.rootsweb.com/postorius/lists/genealogybitsandpieces@rootsweb.com > Privacy Statement: https://ancstry.me/2JWBOdY Terms and Conditions: https://ancstry.me/2HDBym9 > Rootsweb Blog: http://rootsweb.blog > RootsWeb is funded and supported by Ancestry.com and our loyal RootsWeb community

    06/05/2019 08:41:33
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] GENEALOGY BITS AND PIECES MAILING LIST, dated 5 June 2019:
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. Sorry I've been so remiss in getting the mailing list out lately. It will be a little slower for the next month, at least. Going to have me shoulder replaced and don't know how much typing I'll be able to do right at the beginning. Go in tomorrow at 8am for the 'big event.' Already have a new right shoulder, my back should certainly be new - so figure I'm really about 27 years old, tops. Another couple of years, at this rate, I'll be 15 - at least the parts. Sally sallyinaz12@gmail.com List Owner: genealogybitsandpieces@rootsweb.com "Soldiers do not die until they are forgotten." "Do not regret growing older. It is a privilege denied to many.” DID YOU KNOW? 5 Jun 2019 From Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter, by Dick Eastman Ireland’s historical Registers of Births, Marriages and Deaths are now Available online and FREE Details may be found in an article by Aoife Barry in theJournal.I.e. Web Site at: URL: https://tinyurl.com/y648gbza ==================================================================== From Access Genealogy Posted Paula Franklin: Webb County Texas Cemeteries URL: https://www.accessgenealogy.com/?p=367220 ==================================================================== Posted by Kristin: Descendants of Rev. James Keith in Bridgewater, Massachusetts The Keith family is one of the oldest of southeastern Massachusetts. Its Founder in America was Rev. James Keith, born in 1644, who came to America, Landing in Boston in 1662. He became minister of the Bridgewater Church, Where he administered to the spiritual needs of the people for half a Century. He died July 23, 1719. He was twice married. His first wife was Susannah Edson, daughter of Deacon Samuel Edson. URL: https://www.accessgenealogy.com/?p=360582 ==================================================================== Posted by Dennis: Chronicles of New Haven Green, from 1638 to 1862 This volume is made up, as the title indicates, of eight papers, now revised And partly rewritten, to each of which are added notes supplying a page or Two of comment or explanation. The papers treat respectively of the Green as A public square, a political and civic forum, a religious and ecclesiastical Arena, a parade ground, a seat of judicial tribunals, an educatioual campus, A market-place, and a cemetery. In a style abounding in facetiae not Unworthy of Dickens, the author reviews the succession of events which have Transpired in connection with the Green, with their changing scenic Accompaniments of stocks, whipping-post, jail, tombstones, school-house, Meeting-house, state-house; setting in prominent relief the more humorous or Otherwise impressive incidents, and neglecting no occasion for satirical Thrusts at contemporary folly, keenly relished by the reader, without doubt, But certain — as in all such cases — to be contemptuously slighted by those Who alone might profit by them. His comparison of the "Blue laws" of Connecticut with those of the other colonies evidently affords as much Satisfaction to himself as instruction to the most of his readers, Justifying his declaration that the New Haven Colony can very complacently Allow its laws to be called "blue in contrast with the black and crimson Legislation of its contemporaries." URL: https://www.accessgenealogy.com/?p=367116 Sally Rolls Pavia 602 550-1807

    06/05/2019 07:37:35
    1. [GENEALOGYBITSANDPIECES] Middlesex County Massachusetts Cemeteries [CORRECTION]
    2. Sally Pavia
    3. Boy, did I make a GOOF! Here is the site that goes with: *Middlesex County Massachusetts Cemeteries* https://www.accessgenealogy.com/?p=368128 Sally Rolls Pavia sallyinaz12@gmail.com "Hope" it works this time

    05/02/2019 06:55:55