I'm not sure. My aunt had his DNA tested. I sent her an email to see if she can answer your questions. I will let you know as soon as I receive her response. Kim Garrison Greetings from Weyers Cave, VA If your father has tested at FTDNA, has he joined the Garrison project there? Has he just done the STRs, or has he also done NGS testing (Big Y, Full Genomes, etc.)?