) ( ( ) Good Morning Family! ( \ .-.,--^--. ( Come on in. . . \* ) \\|`----'| - The coffee pot's on. . . .=|=. \| |// ...and we even have decaf, |~'~| | |/ tea, and hot chocolate! | | \ / _|___|_ ------ (_______) Today's topics include: 1. Welcome to new cousins 2. In Memory of Riders, part IV: notes, trivia, recommended reading TO OUR NEWEST COUSINS ~~ On behalf of the entire family, I'd like to extend a most hearty welcome to those cousins who came into the family fold this past week. We are very glad to have you with us and hope you'll stay and remain a part of our online family. As soon as you're comfortable with us and the list, please send in your list-surname lines so we can all see how we're related to you. We do not have a fancy format for sending in records or queries to the list. Post as many as you wish! If the data has anything to do with our list-surname ancestors that might help someone, please feel free to post it. Every scrap of information is appreciated. You're welcome to share this Coffee with your genealogy friends and relatives. If they are not members of our online family and would like to begin receiving the Coffee, they are now able to. Simply have them send a blank email to <SundayCoffeeemail@example.com>. IN MEMORY OF RIDERS, Part IV: NOTES, TRIVIA, RECOMMENDED READING The story of our little band of siblings ended last week. However, it began a shadowed trail for their descendants... When the orphan trains began, planners and participants paid little or no attention to the ways that placing-out altered families. Today, researchers who retrace the journeys of riders often find the trip filled with obstacles and frustration. It isn't my goal here, though, to teach you how to research children of orphan trains, but to relate a final portion of their story in an effort to continue enlightening you on one of the most tragic yet heartwarming stories in American history. If you plan to begin searching for a rider on the trains, a good place to start is at <http://www.ancestry.com/library/view/ancmag/701.asp?rc=locale%7E&us=0>. [Note that the URL is split and you will have to copy and paste both lines, taking one line at a time. Be sure to put the entire string together, leaving no spaces.] In 1901, Missouri banned orphan trains. However, the law wasn't effective because it was never enforced. After having run for 75 years, the last official orphan train pulled into Trenton, Grundy County, Missouri in 1929. The Children's Aid Society and the New York Foundling Hospital, however, placed-out children until 1930. There are several documented orphan train riders that rode west unofficially in 1930. Social reforms make the cessation of the orphan train movement easy to understand: ** With the onset of the Great Depression in 1930, the midwest had a decreased need for farm labor. It was extremely hard now for familes to take on another child. ** Newly instituted laws and programs were designed to help children, specifically. These laws made it difficult or impossible for trainloads of orphans to move from one state to another. Other laws limited hours children could work. ** Social service agencies increased their efforts to keep struggling families together. The rise of the welfare system helped with financial support for children. It made a major difference in the lives of children who, in an earlier year, might have ended up on the streets. ** Individual and small-group foster homes replaced large institutions and orphanages of the past. ** New programs helped immigrants find jobs and housing when they arrived in America. In 1996, an estimated 500 orphan train riders were still living. All are now at least 80 years old, or older. Many of them and their descendants have spent years searching for their natural families. Some have been reunited with lost siblings or other family members. Others, content with their new lives, never felt the need. The Orphan Train Heritage Society, located in Springdale, Arkansas, serves as a clearinghouse of information about the orphan trains and their riders. The society publishes a quarterly newsletter, answers research requests, and helps locate missing family members who rode the trains. In addition, orphan train reunions are held in many areas. It often happens at these get-togethers that siblings, separated from each other for years, are reunited! You might wonder how anyone could be so heartless as to break-up so many families. Due to the enormous influx of immigrants from Europe, jobs were scarce. Their extended families were not available. At that time, children were property with no rights. Child protection agencies and welfare did not exist. If relatives did not help, very few of these children had anyone to turn to. The orphan trains were needed at the time they happened. They were not the best answer, but they were the first attempts at finding a practical system. Many children who would have died, lived to have children and grandchildren. It is estimated that over two million descendants descend from the riders. Looking at the whole situation positively, one must say the trains gave the children a fighting chance to grow up. DID YOU KNOW... ...that train riders, Andrew Burke and John Brady, grew up to become governors of North Dakota and of Alaska, respectively? Other children placed in the West went on to great successes: three county commissioners, two district attorneys, one congressman, one sheriff, and numerous bankers, lawyers, physicians, journalists, ministers, teachers and businessmen. ...that orphan trains took children to 47 of the 50 states? ...that the orphan train movement was the beginning of children's rights? From the trains came the children's protection laws, school lunches, medical treatments, and the beginnings of the welfare system. ...that the first U.S. orphanage reportedly was established in 1729 after Indians massacred settlers near Natchez, Mississippi. FOR MORE INFORMATION: Organizations: New England Home for Little Wanderers, 850 Boylston Street, Suite 201, Chestnut Hill, MA 02167 New York Children’s Aid Society, 105 East 22nd Street, New York, NY 10021 New York Children’s Aid Society, Office of Closed Records, 150 East 45th Street, New York, NY 10017. New York Foundling Hospital, Department of Closed Records, 590 Avenues of the Americas, New York, NY, 10001 New York Juvenile Asylum Alumni Affairs, Children’s Village, Dobbs Ferry, NY 10007 Orphan Train Heritage Society of America, Inc., P.O. Box 496, Johnson, AR 72741-0496 Orphan Train Heritance Society of America, 614 East Emma Ave., #115, Springdale, AR, 72764-4634, 501 756-2780. Videos: "The American Experience: "Orphan Trains" by Janet Graham and Edward Gray, 1994. Produced by PBS. "Orphan Train" with Jill Eikenberry, Kevin Dobson and Glenn Close. Released: 1979. Books: Brace, Emma. "The Life and Letters of Charles Loring Brace," 1894. Fry, Annette R. "The Orphan Trains," 1994. Holt, Marilyn Irvin. "The Orphan Trains: Placing Out in America," 1994. Available in paperback. O'Connor, Stephen. "Orphan Trains." Houghton Mifflin, 2001. Johnson, Mary Ellen (ed.) "Orphan Train Riders: Their Own Stories, volumes I-V." Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996. Johnston, Carole Turner. "Trains West." Patrick, Michael, Evelyn Sheets, and Evelyn Trickel. "We Are A Part of History." Santa Fe, NM: Lightning Tree Press, 1990. Vogt, Martha Nelson, and Christina Vogt. "Searching for Home: Three Families from the Orphan Trains." Grand Rapid, MI: Triumph Press, 1986. Warren, Andrea. "Orphan Train Rider: One Boy's True Story." Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1996. Warren, Andrea. "We Rode the Orphan Trains." Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001. Sites: History for Children: Street Arabs ~ It isn't just for children.<http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/history_for_children/18538> How the Other Half Lives ~ An online book. Especially touching is Chapter 15: "The Problem of the Children." TOC page is <http://www.yale.edu/amstud/inforev/riis/contents.html> International Orphan Movements ~ the United States wasn't alone in placing-out children. <http://www.orphantrainriders.com/International.html> Orphan Trains to Iowa ~ part of the Iowa GenWeb. This is a MUST SEE site if you're tracing a rider. <http://iagenweb.org/iaorphans/> Migration: Orphan Trains Homepage ~ <http://drake.marin.k12.ca.us/academics/comacad/imm_mig%2001/Orphan%20Web/orphan%20page/Index.html> The Orphan Train Collection ~ <http://www.orphantrainriders.com/> ~~ END ~~ Family ... it's what we're all about. I so enjoyed spending this time with you today. Thank you for sharing it with me. I wish each of you a week filled with health, productivity, fun, and above all, filled with love and inner peace. ) ( ) _.-~~-. (@\'--'/. Colleen ('``.__.'`) `..____.'